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库尔特·格斯坦:一个有良知的党卫军军官(翻译)  

2016-12-27 21:53:29|  分类: 历史人物 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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库尔特·格斯坦:一个有良知的党卫军军官(翻译)

    这是一个杰出的人的故事,作为第三帝国的党卫军军官却抗拒大屠杀。库尔特·格斯坦表现出真正的英雄主义,无时无刻地谴责希特勒的纳粹种族灭绝,并警告盟国和教皇,有关德国人和教会的第二次世界大战期间的罪行。

库尔特·格斯坦的使命是将纳粹主义的恐怖暴露给世界,并减轻他周围人的痛苦。良心的格斯坦留下了大屠杀最可怕的证词之一 - 他于19428月访问了贝尔泽克和特雷布林卡死亡营,目睹了犹太男人,妇女和儿童的大规模被送入毒气室。

“没有十个人活着,谁已经看到或将看到尽可能多的,”他被告知的主要有克里斯蒂安·沃特,负责监督死亡营中的贝尔泽克,索比堡和特雷布林卡200多万犹太人的谋杀案。

武装党卫军技术消毒服务公司三十七岁的负责人库尔特·格斯坦对他所看到的事情感到震惊。然而,他意识到,作为见证人,他的位置是独一无二的,他决心将他知道的东西暴露给世界以制止暴行。

普利策奖获得者历史学家约翰·托兰德描述了库尔特·格斯坦在抵达华沙后如何立即出发前往柏林,决心告诉那些谁会听到他目睹的骇人听闻的景象:

“一个现代的古代水手,他开始把真相传播给不同寻常的同事,当一个岩石扔进一个池塘创造不断扩大的波纹,库尔特·格斯坦的故事。”

最后,他冒着生命危险告诉盟友:“我是少数人中的一个,谁看到了企业的每一个角落,当然是唯一的一个人访问它作为这个匪徒的敌人...

库尔特·格斯坦继续告诉人们他看到了什么,任何他认为会传播关于暴行的话。在战争的后期,证据表明,绝望的格斯坦如何冒着一切危险阻止运输的毒气,通过标记它不好,并命令它掩埋。

他的所有努力被证明是徒劳的,库尔特·格斯坦于1945725日在法国监狱中死亡 - 被个人的责任感和内疚感所淹没。

他是否因为绝望和内疚而无法阻止大屠杀而自杀,还是他被监狱的其他党卫军杀害以使沉默仍然是一个谜。

作者Gitta Sereny后来写道:

    “格斯坦的生活也许是在纳粹的怪物中存在道德信念和英雄主义的最重要的证据。一个在德国的人,在几乎难以想象的个人风险中,已经积极地并从一开始就试图阻止希特勒的种族灭绝。

    他的朋友,马丁尼莫勒牧师后来说:“他是一个非常特殊的圣人,但完全纯粹和无可指驳的正直,他准备牺牲,确实牺牲,他的荣誉,他的家人和他的生活... ”

库尔特·格斯坦:一个有良知的党卫军军官(翻译) - 勃朗宁M2HB - 小娟姐的枪械博客

备注:原资料地址:http://www.gerstein.dk/
This is the story of one remarkable man who refused to surrender his conscience in the face of mass murder as one of the few SS officers in the Third Reich. Kurt Gerstein showed true heroism, tirelessly denounced Hitler's Nazi genocide and alerted the Allies, the Pope, the Germans and the church of the crimes during World War 2.

The mission of Kurt Gerstein was to expose the horrors of the Nazism to the world and to mitigate the suffering around him. The conscience-stricken Gerstein left one of the most horrifying testimonies of the Holocaust - he visited the death camps Belzec and Treblinka in August 1942 and witnessed the mass gassing of Jewish men, women and children.

"There are not ten people alive, who have seen or will see as much as you," he was told by SS Major Christian Wirth, responsible for overseeing the murder of more than two million Jews in the death camps Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka.

Kurt Gerstein, thirty-seven-year-old head of the Waffen SS Technical Disinfection Services, was shocked by what he had seen. Yet, he realized that as a witness, his position was unique, and he was determined to expose what he knew to the world to stop the atrocities.

The Pulitzer Prize-winning historian John Toland describes how Kurt Gerstein upon arrival in Warsaw set off immediately for Berlin, resolved to tell those who would listen of the ghastly sights he had witnessed:

"A modern Ancient Mariner, he began spreading the truth to incredulous colleagues. As a rock thrown into a pond creates ever widening ripples, so did the tale of Kurt Gerstein .."

Eventually he risked his life to inform the Allies: "I was one of the handful of people who had seen every corner of the establishment, and certainly the only one to have visited it as an enemy of this gang of murderers ..."

Kurt Gerstein continued to tell people what he had seen, anyone he felt would spread the word about the atrocities. Later during the war evidence shows how a despairing Gerstein risked everything stopping shipments of gas by marking it no good and ordering it buried.

All his efforts proved futile and Kurt Gerstein died in a French prison on July 25, 1945 - overwhelmed by a sense of personal responsibility and guilt ..

Whether he committed suicide out of despair and guilt in not being able to stop the Holocaust or whether he was murdered by other SS officers in the prison to silence an accuser remains a mystery.

The author Gitta Sereny later wrote:

"Gerstein's life is perhaps the most significant testimonial to the presence of moral convictions and heroism in the midst of the Nazi monstrosities .. a man in Germany who at almost unimaginable personal risk had tried, actively and from the start, to stop Hitler's genocide."

His friend, Pastor Martin Niemoller, later said: "He was a very special kind of saint, but perfectly pure and of irreproachable rectitude. He was prepared to sacrifice, and indeed did sacrifice, his honor, his family and his life ..."
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